descending triangle breakout
descending triangle breakout

The area of the triangle itself is usually filled with price action, while prices need to touch each boundary line at least twice. Like ascending triangles, the breakout could also occur before the point at which the support and resistance lines converge. In the formation’s body, at least two minor lows should touch the horizontal support line. Moves that touch the bottom line must be distinct, and all touches that occur during the same consolidation should be added up. In that regard, you could say that it’s a sort of consolidation pattern that’s reminiscent of the rectangle pattern.

descending triangle breakout

In conclusion, the main factors that make the descending triangle a bearish pattern could be said to be the long term falling trend, in combination with the lower highs. The lows of the triangle remain at the same level, which suggests that sellers try to push the market below that level to continue the bearish trend, but simply fail. The breakout or breakdown targets for a symmetrical triangle is equal to the distance between the initial high and low applied to the breakout or breakdown point. Unlock our free video lessons and you will learn the exact chart patterns you need to know to find opportunities in the markets.

Sometimes there is a test of the newfound resistance level, and sometimes there isn’t. A weak test of support can indicate acute selling pressure. This is great for the breakout trader because if the price breaks below Support, this cluster of stop orders would increase the selling pressure towards the downside.

Even a failed downward breakout causes prices to increase by more than 50% when successfully reversed in a bull market. The meaning of the pattern is then decided by the direction of the following breakout. The stop-loss for the symmetrical triangle pattern is often just below the breakout point. For example, if the aforementioned security breaks out from $12 on high volume, traders will often place a stop-loss just below $12. If a breakout happens on the upside of the descending trendline, a long entry can be taken and a stop-loss can be put below the horizontal support line. Again the target would be the widest part of the ascending triangle.

Trading Strategies

Following a strong volume collapse from lower trend line support in a descending triangle pattern, traders frequently start a short position. Typically, the entry price less the vertical height between the two trend lines at the breakdown determines the price target for the chart pattern. Traders use a stop-loss level to impose a ceiling on their possible losses at the upper trend line resistance. Since no chart pattern is perfect and analysis is often subjective, using descending triangles has limitations. A false breakdown may occur, or trend lines may need to be redrawn if the price action breaks out in the opposite direction. If a breakdown doesn’t occur, the stock could rebound to re-test the upper trend line resistance before making another move lower to re-test lower trend line support levels.

  • Strong patterns would be formed when the resistance/support line is dark blue and the trendline is blue in color.
  • In technical analysis, the measuring technique helps traders estimate the next price movement based on previous trading activity.
  • This type has a horizontal lower boundary and a descending upper boundary .
  • It develops within pronounced downtrends in asset pricing.
  • Now all you need to do is get your popcorn out and wait for a break of the triangle that you drew.

Symmetrical triangles are also similar to pennantsand flags in some ways, but pennants have upward sloping trendlines rather than converging trendlines. This pattern reflects the volatility contraction which is denoted by the converging range in the stock. What it essentially depicts is continuous selling pressure from the higher levels which results in the formation of a falling trendline resistance. This descending triangle chart pattern obeys the identification guidelines set for the pattern. At point A, price peaks below the horizontal trendline but few chart patterns are perfect.

At point B, price stages a breakout and that results in a swift upward move. The descending triangle is a bearish formation that usually forms during a downtrend as a continuation pattern. There are instances when descending triangles form as reversal patterns at the end of an uptrend, but they are typically continuation patterns. Regardless of where they form, descending triangles are bearish patterns that indicate distribution. An ascending triangle is a chart pattern used in technical analysis created by a horizontal and rising trendline.

Symmetrical triangles

The triangle pattern also works with technical analysis which can complement the fundamental analysis as well. In this strategy, traders simply need to wait for the descending triangle pattern to be formed. Once the pattern has been identified, the next step is to wait for the bullish trend to pick up. In most cases, you will find that the Heikin Ashi candlesticks turn bullish prior to the breakout.

descending triangle breakout

With each test of support, shorts think that support will finally break. A trader needs to subtract the high price from the low price of the triangle, which will result in a positive value. High and low prices are the points, where each boundary begins, but however, this may not always be valid. On the 1-week chart of EUR/USD above we can observe what a reversal symmetrical triangle looks like. Now, gaps may also occur inside the triangle, and their direction may tell us quite a lot about the prevailing market sentiment.

They often watch for a move below the lower support trend line, suggesting that downward momentum is building and a breakdown is imminent. Traders often enter descending triangle breakout into short positions to further lower the asset’s price. Keep in mind that the descending triangle pattern is also know as a measured move chart pattern.

Triangles reveal an opportunity to short and suggest a profit target, so both triangles are just different takes on a potential breakdown. Ascending triangles can also form at the reversal of a downtrend but are more commonly viewed as a bullish continuation pattern. Like with any strategy, you can use the descending triangle pattern to buy/sell stocks by knowing when to enter, take profits, and cut your losses. As we mentioned above, the simplest way to use this pattern is to buy the breakout of the triangle. Typically, the breakout from a descending triangle is triggered to the downside. The distance from the support to the first high is measured.

As you can see, the minimum measure distance is nothing but the project from the initial high. Once you identify the lower volume, simply measure the distance from the first high and low. Then you project the same from the breakout area which becomes your target price. During this consolidation period, traders are pretty indecisive. You can learn to navigate this indecision by using technical analysis.

Alongside the shelter metal, many other commodities and therefore the main indexes at Wall Street were also down, like Dow Jones, S&P 500, and NASDAQ. In the next section, you’ll discover how to exit your winning trades for maximum profits. You’ve learned 3 different techniques to trade the Descending Triangle. Because with a shallow pullback, your stop loss is tighter which offers you a favorable risk to reward. If you wait for the re-test, you’re entering at a favorable trade location where previous Support is likely to act as Resistance.

People come here to learn, hang out, practice, trade stocks, and more. Our trade rooms are a great place to get live group mentoring and training. Once the triangle breakout happens, a surge in volume needs to happen. Otherwise, there’s not enough gas in the tank to sustain momentum. The triangle represents a temporary pause in the market, both from the buy-side and the sell-side — the supply line diminishes to meet the demand. The upper boundary of the triangle represents the supply line , while the lower boundary represents the support level or the demand line.

The Benefits and Disadvantages of Using a Descending Triangle

However, I was starting to show affection for descending triangles with upward breakouts. I’ve made a lot of money trading this pattern, certainly more than from trading their ascending triangle brothers. However, updated performance numbers say performance has dropped substantially over the decades . It’s important to remember that the descending triangle chart pattern is traditionally used to anticipate potential breakouts in the direction of the bearish trend. In the following example, we’re going to combine the descending triangle with the power of technical indicators.

You only have to check if the Chaikin Money Flow line has spent more time below the zero line during the time the descending triangle emerged. A reading below the zero line indicates selling pressure. Support at 45 was first established with a bounce in February. After that, the stock touched this level two more times before breaking down.

And if you want to ride trends in the market, then a trailing stop loss works best. This is where you trade the first pullback after the breakout . Now, you don’t want to “blindly” place a sell limit order at the breakout point because the price could breakout higher.


However, the descending triangle reversal pattern can potentially reward you with bigger profits if traded in the right context. We only trade the descending triangle reversal pattern when this price formation develops at the end of a bullish trend, and in the context of an uptrend. Imagine that, at the top of the descending triangle chart pattern, there is a downtrend composed of a series of lower highs that are connected by a trend line sloping downwards.

A triangle is a continuation chart pattern that has the shape of a triangle. It represents a consolidation in the price trend and is formed by narrowing price swings. Attaching a trendline across the swing highs and swing lows gives the shape of a triangle. A regular descending triangle pattern is commonly considered a bearish chart pattern or a continuation pattern with an established downtrend. However, a descending triangle pattern can also be bullish, with a breakout in the opposite direction, and is known as a reversal pattern. A symmetrical triangle chart pattern represents a period of consolidation before the price is forced to breakout or breakdown.

In general, the price target for the chart pattern is equal to the entry price minus the vertical height between the two trend lines at the time of the breakdown. The upper trend line resistance also serves as a stop-loss level for traders to limit their potential losses. The descending triangle reversal pattern at the bottom end of a downtrend is the direct opposite of a distribution event. In this case, you will find that price action stalls at the end of a downtrend. However, this textbook pattern seldom occurs in the real markets.